Google Shares Some Info on How They Reprocesses Core Update Scoreshttps://www.seroundtable.com
In this video John discusses that sites can recover, some might not see a full recovery but some can. And that Google regularly refreshes the scores within the core update between core updates.
But he also goes onto say some kinds of really strong changes when it comes to core algorithm updates do need to kind of wait for the core update to be re-processed again.
so the tl;dr is it depends.